Trainer: Mehak Fatima
Child Abuse can not be defined as a particular form or type of mistreatment. It can, however, be thought of as an umbrella term that is an amalgamation of various maltreatment based actions. Our training sessions are sorted in such a way that each conclave focuses on a specific abuse type to give the audiences an in-depth knowledge etc.
Set up: (Ask the students) What are some ways kids might get hurt?
(Elicit responses; such as skinning a knee, falling off a bike, being in a car accident, etc.)
Note down the responses on the board or chart paper.
Now ask the students if children can get hurt by people? Who can those people be? (Elicit responses: parents, family members, strangers, friends).
Trainer (our intern in training) may give examples to ease the students and maintain a safe space. However, avoid dictating and encourage students to speak up.
Trainer may now introduce the concept of child abuse. Ask the students if they know what abuse means?
Abuse is when an adult or older child hurts a child either physically, or with words, or if someone touches their private body parts. It is also abuse if parents/ guardians don’t take care of their kids and provide them with what they need to be safe and healthy. Abuse can happen by strangers, and it can also happen by people who we know, love, and trust.
Remind the students of the ground rules/promises they made. Tell them that you understand that some of the information we are discussing may not be easy to talk about, but it’s important that everybody listen carefully.
Now tell the students that you are happy to inform them that they are many superhereos (both women and men) who are trying to prevent child abuse. Just like spiderman/captain safeguard (gauge the audience) wear cool costumes; these super heroes wear blue ribbons. The blue ribbon is a symbol of child abuse prevention. Or you can give example of Abdul Sattar Edhi and how he saved lives of many people by providing them shelter and food (older kids).
Ask the students if they would like to be superheroes and win a blue ribbon? In order to become the superhero they must know how to prevent child abuse. Tell them that today you will work with them to figure out ways to prevent child abuse, so that they can win a blue ribbon towards the end of the session.
Activity 1: Scenarios
Purpose: Identifying Physical Abuse
- Chits on which scenarios would be written. (Be mindful of the audience when presenting scenarios.)
- Ask the students to form groups of 5-6 students.
- Trainer must now hand a piece of paper on which a scenario should be written or explain the scenarios verbally.
Ahmed forgot to complete his mathematics homework because he was not feeling well. Mr Tariq who is a math teacher is very strict. When he sees that Ahmed has not completed his homework, he decides to teach Ahmed a lesson. He beats Ahmed with a stick in front of the class and announces that whoever forgets to complete their homework will be given the same punishment.
Sana is a good student but she faces difficulty with English subject. Unfortunately, she failed the test and was instructed by her teacher to get her test signed by her parents. Sana takes her test to her mother. Sana’s mother was furious when she discovered Sana’s test results. To teach her a lesson she slapped Sana and told her that she was not allowed to watch cartoons or play with toys till her grades improve.
Harry is the smartest boy in class but unfortunately he is often bullied by his class fellows. One day upon refusing to tell answers to his class fellow during test, his class fellows hit him in the recess time which results in a black eye. The principal summons the bullies and suspends them for a week.
Salman and Sara go for tuition in the evening. They have been fussy about going to tuition lately and their mother suspects that it is because they don’t want to study. However, Sana tells that the tuition teacher hits their hand with a stick when they are unable to give the right answer. Upon investigating further, their mother notices bruises on the knuckles and palms of children.
Done? Now, ask the students following questions and encourage maximum responses.
- Is there anything wrong in the scenarios?
- Is anyone getting hurt?
- Who is hurting them?
- Is it right to hit someone?
- How do they think the people who are being hurt feel?
- Are people who are hurting them right to do so?
The trainer (intern in training) must now introduce the idea of physical abuse to the students.
Any and all types of non-accidental injuries that exist because of someone else hitting, beating, whipping, kicking, biting or everything that harms a child’s body unnaturally fall under the category of Physical Abuse.— Chaaon – Sab k Liye
Q: Who can be the abuser in question?
A: Family, someone you may know; teacher and class fellow and even a total stranger.
Activity 2: Spot the Abuse
Objective: Identifying Signs of Child Physical Abuse
- Ask students if they have seen a traffic signal.
- Ask them to list the colours of traffic lights.
- Ask them what each color means? (Red: Stop, Yellow: Get ready and Green: Go)
- Ask them why these signs are important?
- What happens if these signs are ignored?
- Could someone get hurt?
Child physical abuse has signs too that must not be ignored. Trainer may now draw a child on the board/chart (in absence of resources trainer may enact as child). Ask the students how they can tell if someone has been/is being physically abused. Ask them to come to the board/chart and indicate the signs.
Ask the students what would the child look like? (Elicit responses; sad, scared, tired) You may ask the students to draw the child’s face expressions.
Would this child behave any differently? If so then ask them how?
(Elicit responses: sad, lonely, gets scared easily, angry)
Would that child have any bruises or marks?
(Elicit responses; bruises, marks)
What if the child doesn’t have bruises or marks but tells you that they are being physical abused? What would you do? Will you call them a liar?
Do you want to help this child?
Activity 3: Paper Ball
Purpose: Introducing the Idea of Prevention
- Ask the students to form groups having 5-6 students.
- Ask them to come up with a team name.
- Distribute a sheet of paper to each group.
- Ask the students to come up with 5 ways they can prevent child abuse.
- Give them 5-10 minutes to come up with maximum preventive measures.
Then ask each group to tell their preventive measures and discuss them with the class. Some preventive methods have been listed below;
- Asking them to Stop
Activity: Ask students to say NO in a strong voice.
- Running Away
Where to run? Away from abuser.
- Shouting for Help
Why shout for help? Elicit: To attract people who may help you out.
- Telling an Adult
Who can be this adult? Elicit responses: parent, teacher, friend.
Discuss each point with the students (theirs and yours). Tell the students that hero must first be strong enough to protect themselves. Remind them that in order for them to be able to help anyone else they must first protect themselves.
Activity 4: Knowledge Chart
Give each student a piece of paper and give them 5 minutes to list down all the information they learnt in the session. Also ask them to write down the preventive measures. Ask the students to take the paper home and hang it in a place where it is visible so they remember that they are superheroes who will protect themselves and those around them. Encourage them to share the knowledge with their peers, siblings or parents.
Distribute blue ribbons in the end!!
Disclaimer: This content piece published on 7/10/2019 and created by our trainer, Mehak Fatima, alongside other content pieces on this website are a property of Chaaon – Sab k Liye. Thus, nothing can or should be copied, printed, downloaded, or taught by any organisation/individual, without Chaaon – Sab k Liye’s permission to do so. Any failure to comply might result in a lawsuit from the organisation itself.